World Bank Safeguards

Countries receiving FCPF funding for readiness preparation through the World Bank are required to ensure compliance with the FCPF Readiness Fund’s common approach to environmental and social safeguards for multiple delivery partners (Common Approach). This also applies to countries seeking to obtain results based funding from the FCPF Carbon Fund.

The Government of Ghana has committed to meet the FCPF safeguards requirement and undertook a Strategic Environmental and Social Assessment (SESA) in 2014. The SESA process triggered some of the World Bank’s safeguards operational policies and of which two key documents were produced, Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF) and Resettlement Policy Framework. The table below indicates the World Banks safeguards policies.

World Bank's safeguards polices:


World Bank Safeguard Policy

Summary of core requirements

Potential for Trigger under REDD+ mechanism


OP 4.01 Environmental Assessment


Screen early for potential impacts and select appropriate instrument to assess, minimise and mitigate potentially adverse impacts.

In World Bank operations, the purpose of Environmental Assessment is to improve decision making, to ensure that project options under consideration are sound and sustainable, and that potentially affected people have been properly consulted.



OP 4.04: Natural Habitats 


To promote environmentally sustainable development by supporting the protection, conservation, maintenance, and rehabilitation of natural habitats and their functions.

Use a precautionary approach to natural resources management to ensure opportunities for environmentally sustainable development. Determine if project benefits substantially outweigh potential environmental costs.



OP 4.36: Forest


The objective is to realize the potential of forests to reduce poverty in a sustainable manner, integrate forests effectively into sustainable economic development, and protect the vital local and global environmental services and values of forests.

Ensure that forest restoration projects maintain or enhance biodiversity and ecosystem functionality and that all plantation projects are environmentally appropriate, socially beneficial and economically viable.



OP 4.09: Pest Management


Support integrated approaches to pest management. Identify pesticides that may be financed under the project and develop appropriate pest management plan to address risks.

If pesticides have to be used in crop protection or in the fight against vector-borne disease, the Bank-funded project should include a Pest Management Plan (PMP), prepared by the borrower, either as a stand-alone document or as part of an Environmental Assessment.

Triggered (under Strategic option M: of improving productivity of farmlands is adopted)


OP 4.11: Physical Cultural Resources


Investigate and inventorise cultural resources potentially affected. Include mitigation measures when there are adverse impacts on physical cultural resources or avoid if possible.

Triggered (but can be handled under OP 4.01)


OP 4.12: Involuntary Resettlement

Assist displaced persons in their effort to improve or at least restore their standards of living. Avoid resettlement where feasible or minimise. Displaced persons should share in project profits.

The policy aims to avoid involuntary resettlement to the extent feasible, or to minimize and mitigate its adverse social and economic impacts.

The policy prescribes compensation and other resettlement measures to achieve its objectives and requires that borrowers prepare adequate resettlement planning instruments prior to Bank appraisal of proposed projects.

Triggered (under Strategic Options

-F: Mitigate effects of agricultural expansion (particularly cocoa in the HFZ);

-D: Address unsustainable timber harvesting by supporting sustainable supply of timber to meet export and domestic / regional timber demand

-H. Improve sustainability of fuel wood use


OP 4.10: Indigenous Peoples


Screen to determine presence of indigenous peoples in project area. Policy triggered whether potential impacts are positive or negative. Design mitigation measures and benefits that reflect indigenous peoples’ cultural preferences.

Not triggered


OP 4.37: Safety of Dams


Requires that experienced and competent professionals design and supervise construction, and that the borrower adopts and implements dam safety measures through the project cycle.

The policy distinguishes between small and large dams by defining small dams as those normally less than 15 meters in height.  Large dams are 15 meters or more in height. .

Not triggered


OP 7.50: Projects on International Waterways

Ascertain whether riparian agreements are in place, and ensure that riparian states are informed of and do not object to project interventions.

Not triggered


OP 7.60: Projects in Disputed Areas

Ensure that claimants to disputed areas have no objection to proposed project.

Not triggered