Cancun Safeguards

The UNFCCC recognises that safeguards are a key part of REDD+ implementation, and links the Cancun safeguards to results-based payments, requiring that countries demonstrate how they have addressed and respected them throughout the implementation of their REDD+ interventions.

The specific UNFCCC safeguard requirements are the following:

  • Implement REDD+ interventions in a manner consistent with the Cancun safeguards

  • Establish a system to provide information on how the Cancun safeguards are being addressed and respected

  • Provide a summary of information on how the Cancun safeguards are being addressed and respected

When undertaking the activities, the following safeguards should be promoted and supported:

(A) That actions complement or are consistent with the objectives of national forest programmes and relevant international conventions and agreements;

(B) Transparent and effective national forest governance structures, taking into account national legislation and sovereignty;

(C) Respect for the knowledge and rights of indigenous peoples and members of local communities, by taking into account relevant international obligations, national circumstances and laws, and noting that the United Nations General Assembly has adopted the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples;

(D) The full and effective participation of relevant stakeholders, in particular indigenous peoples and local communities, in the actions referred to in paragraphs 70 and 72 of this decision;

(E) That actions are consistent with the conservation of natural forests and biological diversity, ensuring that the actions referred to in paragraph 70 of this decision are not used for the conversion of natural forests, but are instead used to incentivize the protection and conservation of natural forests and their ecosystem services, and to enhance other social and environmental benefits;

(F) Actions to address the risks of reversals;

(G) Actions to reduce displacement of emissions